|Bomb casings at South Africa’s abandoned Circle nuclear bomb production facility near Pretoria (Source: Wikipedia)|
Before reading this I would like to suggest watching the story of Mordecai Vanunu, the Israeli nuclear scientist that was kidnapped by Mossad and narrowly escaped the death penalty before his expose of Israel's worst kept secret (their nuclear weapons program). I assure you that this is no chore because this is a real life spy era story with more intrigue than an Ian Fleming spy novel. Espionage, honey traps, collusion with France & Britain, kidnapping, state secrets, secret agents and hush jobs, its all here!
Includes interviews with all of the people and journalists who were involved when it was going down. The one big take-away from all this is that there is one nation that absolutely is prepared to use its nuclear weapons if (like a petulant child it does not get it's way), and it's not Russia or the United States. It's Israel.
For where I sourced this article below, IE this article placed in the greater context of nuclear scandal involving South Africa, David Cameron, Intel regarding WMD's in Iraq, cover ups and political slush funds (and other surprises), you absolutely must read this full article:
South Africa – A nuclear state armed by Israel
Although UN Security Council Resolution 418 of 4 November 1977 introduced a mandatory arms embargo against South Africa, requiring all states to refrain from “any co-operation with South Africa in the manufacture and development of nuclear weapons”, it was with the help of the Israelis that the apartheid regime designed and built a total of 10 fully operational nuclear weapons.One device was successfully tested in 1979, which left 9 nuclear weapons in South Africa’s stockpile. In August 1988, foreign ministerPik Botha announced that South Africa had “the capability to make one [a nuclear weapon]” should it want to do so. A month later, in September 1988, South Africa sent a letter to IAEA Director-General Hans Blix expressing willingness to accede to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) if certain conditions were met, primarily that South Africa be allowed to market its uranium subject to IAEA safeguards.
In summary, South Africa operated a covert nuclear ballistic missile program. The United Nations introduced a mandatory arms embargo against South Africa in the development and manufacture of such weapons. Israel assisted anyway. The result was that nine nuclear weapons were left after testing. The purpose was to prove to international markets it had that capability and was willing to sell that capability to willing buyers.